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DISEASES

Ayurveda has a clear definition of a healthy individual.  

Samadosha, samagnischa samadhatumala kriyaha
prasanna atmenindriya manaha swastha ityabhidheeyate” (Caraka Samhita)

It says that the 3 doshas/humours (Vata, Pitta & Kapha) doshas must be in equilibrium, the digestive fire must be in a balanced state and the tissues (dhatus) and malas (wastes) must work in a normal state. The sensory and motor organs and mind, atma must be also in a pleasant state. Such a person is called a healthy person or Swastha.

In Ayurveda, disease or roga was described as an imbalance of the three doshas/humors of the body. These three doshas may change their proportional balance as a result of a variety of factors, such as lifestyle, diet, activities, mental/ physical stress, which mainly occurs due to a lack of understanding of our own bodies. When they are imbalanced beyond the naturally resolvable limit, it goes on to create diseases in the body. Ayurveda also emphasizes the unshakable connections between the body, mind, and spirit and that all diseases have a root in the mind as well. A complete healing only happens when the mind and body doshas go back to their natural state or prakrti. 

At Saranya Ayurveda Hospital, we provide effective treatments for a wide range of ailments as well as detox and rejuvenation therapies to maintain good health. 
 

DISEASES WE TREAT

Diseases of Musculoskeletal system

CHRONIC JOINT PAIN (OSTEOARTHRITIS) (SANDHI GATA VATA)

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a long-term disease characterized by the deterioration of the cartilage in joints which results in bones rubbing together and creating stiffness, pain, and difficulty in movements. 
The disease most commonly affects the joints in the knees, feet, and hips, and is relatively common in the shoulder, hands, and spine. An estimated 10% to 15% of all adults aged over 60 have some degree of osteoarthritis, with prevalence higher among women than men.
The commonest signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis are

Ayurveda has a lot to offer for such patients. Ayurveda believes in a holistic approach for the cure and prevention of disturbances in physiology. The Ayurvedic approach also focuses on the conservation and improvisation of the functional aspects of the body. In this context, Taila-Dhara, an oleation therapy has very good results in improving the condition of pain, swelling, stiffness, and movements of joints by giving flexibility and strength to the joint. Different kinds of herbal and oil massages also help in reducing pain and improving joint mobility. 
 

RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS (VATA RAKTA),GOUT, PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS, SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS

Joint pains are one of the commonest problems people suffer from. What sets Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) apart from common joint pains are; its chronic nature, the severity of pain, autoimmune component, the affection of small and large joints which over time may progress to disability. Rheumatoid arthritis not only affects the joints but can also affect internal organs, thus causing permanent disability in many instances. 

Rheumatoid Arthritis is variably distributed in various countries worldwide. It affects 1% of the population, and more in women than in men.

The commonest signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis may include:

Ayurveda has been dealing with Rheumatoid Arthritis for centuries as VATARAKTA.

Vatarakta is explained as a chronic and complex metabolic disorder of the musculoskeletal system characterized by severe pain, tenderness, inflammation, and burning sensation in the affected joints. The classical line of treatment for Vatarakta includes Shodhana(detoxifying the body), Shaman(pacifying the affected doshas/humors), and external therapies like lepa(poultice), oil application, and different kinds of massages. 

Inflammatory connective tissue disorders like GOUT, PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS, SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS etc also come in the purview of Vatarakta and have similar management. 

Spinal disorders

Spine-related disorders are among the most frequently encountered problems for the common man. Low back pain (Lumbago) alone affects up to 80% of the population at some point in life making it one of the commonest noninfectious disorders in the world. 
A number of problems can change the structure of the spine or damage the vertebrae and surrounding tissue. They include

Ankylosing spondylitis: Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of arthritis that primarily affects the spine, although other joints can become involved. It causes inflammation of the spinal joints (vertebrae) that can lead to severe, chronic pain, and discomfort. In more advanced cases this inflammation can lead to ankylosis — new bone formation in the spine — causing sections of the spine to fuse in a fixed, immobile position.

Lumbar spondylosis: As your body ages, the discs between the bones of the spine become stiffer and can break down. The bones also wear down and can grow bone spurs. This can also result from injuries or chronic strain or bad posture. When this condition is in the lower back, it's called lumbar spondylosis.

Cervical spondylosis: Neck pain can be caused by many things—but is most often related to getting older. Like the rest of the body, the discs and joints in the neck (cervical spine) slowly degenerate as we age. Cervical spondylosis, commonly called arthritis of the neck, is the medical term for these age-related, wear-and-tear changes that occur over time. This can also be caused by chronic bad posture while using computers or a lack of exercise. 

Sciatica: If you suddenly start feeling pain in your lower back or hip that radiates to the back of your thigh and into your leg, you may have a protruding (herniated) disc in your spinal column that is pressing on the nerve roots in the lumbar spine. This condition is known as sciatica.

Spinal stenosis: As we age, our spines change. These normal wear-and-tear effects of aging can lead to the narrowing of the spinal canal. This condition is called spinal stenosis.

Slipped disc: A common type of disc injury is a "slipped" or herniated disc. A disc herniates when its jelly-like center (nucleus) pushes against its outer ring (annulus). If the disc is very worn or injured, the nucleus may squeeze all the way through. When the herniated disc bulges out toward the spinal canal, it puts pressure on the sensitive spinal nerves, causing pain.

Ayurveda considers these spinal disorders as various vatavyadhis, as the main presenting symptom is pain which is caused by vitiated Vata. The management includes various Vata pacifying therapies like abhyanga, kadi vasti, pizhichil, kashaya vasti, etc. 

Diseases of Gastrointestinal tract

ACIDITY / GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD) - AMLAPITTA : An estimated 20–40 % of general adult populations report chronic heartburn or regurgitation symptoms, although fewer meet formal diagnostic criteria for GERD. It remains the most common gastroenterology-related disorder. Over nine million people visit primary care facilities due to GERD annually.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when stomach acid frequently flows back into the tube connecting your mouth and stomach (esophagus). This backwash (acid reflux) can irritate the lining of your esophagus.
The symptoms of uncomplicated GERD include:
●    Heartburn
●    Regurgitation of stomach contents
●    Nausea

AYURVEDA considers GERD as AMLAPITTA, a disorder of Pitta dosha in the body. The management of Amlapitta includes Sneha Panam(drinking of medicated ghee), virechanam (detoxifying the body through purgation), and other Pitta pacifying treatments. 

GASTRITIS, GASTRIC & PEPTIC ULCER (SOOLA): This refers to a group of conditions arising from inflammatory condition of the gastric mucosa. It can arise from a wide variety of factors like dietetic factors (untimely food, pitha increasing diet etc), lifestyle factors (improper sleep schedule, suppressing natural urges etc), stress, certain drugs etc.  
In Ayurveda, soola is characterized by pain during digestion of food which tormates the person after every meal time and is a source of constant discomfort. Soola is treated with management of Pitta and Agni, with Snehapanam, virechanam, internal medicines etc. 

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Grahani): Sometimes people suffer from both constipation and diarrhoea alternatively with pain in the abdomen and bloating. This can be termed as IBS or Irritable Bowel Syndrome. It is a chronic condition that you'll need to manage long term.  It is of unknown origin in modern medicine, but ayurveda believes that an imbalance agni is the root cause of IBS. Balancing of agni is achieved via internal medication, takradhara and various other managements of pitha. 
 

DISEASES OF NERVOUS SYSTEM

Management of Stroke: According to the World Health Organization, 15 million people suffer stroke worldwide each year. Of these, 5 million dies, and another 5 million are permanently disabled.

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or reduced due to a block or leak in circulation preventing brain tissue from getting oxygen and nutrients. Brain cells begin to die in minutes. 

Signs and symptoms of stroke include:

Ayurveda regards this condition under Vatavyadhi as Pakshagata, which means paralysis of the body. A detailed treatment protocol has been explained in Ayurvedic classical texts for the management of this condition which includes Abhyanga(oil massage), Sirodhara(pouring of medicated oil over the forehead in a rhythmic manner), Pizhichil(oil bath of the body), Vasti(Enemas), Navarakizhi(application of herbal boluses), etc. 

Cerebral Palsy: Cerebral palsy is due to abnormal brain development, often before birth. It appears as movement and walking disabilities and delayed milestones as the child grows up. There may also be problems with sensation, vision, hearing, swallowing, and speaking. 

Ayurveda sees Cerebral Palsy as a neuro-biological, multisystemic, developmental disorder. Ayurveda approach includes a specific diet, daily regime & lifestyle, intake of herbal medicine and therapies which aim at the correction at the level of mind/brain and at a systemic level. The treatment also focuses on correcting the metabolism of the child, strengthening the brain and enabling it to focus on certain things and to reduce muscular spasticity. This is achieved through prolonged physical treatment and an even longer medicinal regimen. 

Parkinson’s disease: Parkinson’s disease is a neuro-degenerative disorder, in which the brain cells gradually malfunction and die. The disease damages brain cells that make a chemical called dopamine. The resulting dopamine shortage causes movement problems for the body. 

In Ayurveda, this comes under Vatavyadhi. A detailed treatment protocol has been explained in Ayurvedic classical texts for the management of this condition which includes Abhyanga(oil massage), Sirodhara(pouring of medicated oil over the forehead in a rhythmic manner), Pizhichil(oil bath of the body), Navarakizhi(application of herbal poultice), etc. 
 

There are hundreds of diseases that affect human skin. Common skin conditions for which people seek medical attention are Psoriasis, Eczema, Dermatitis, Utricaria,  Alopecia, Pemphigus, Acne and pimples, Atopic dermatitis, Lichen, Vitiligo, Dandruff, dark spots etc.

 
Depending upon the presenting symptoms, Ayurveda classifies these skin conditions under various names like kushta, switra, visarpa, etc. Ayurvedic classics mention these skin conditions under Mahavyadhis or severe diseases. The root cause of most skin conditions are very deep-seated dosha vitiations and Ayurveda recommends periodic and thorough deep cleansing and detoxing of the body using various Panchakarma procedures for the cure of such conditions along with regular internal medication. 
 

Obesity and Weight Management: Ayurveda In Ayurveda, Atisthaulya (Obesity) is described as an excessive accumulation of Meda(fat/adipose tissue) and Mamsa (flesh/muscle tissue) leading to flabbiness of hips, abdomen, and breast. It is considered as one of the diseases due to consumption of excessive calories. It is also considered as a precursor for other lifestyle and metabolic disorders like Ischemic Heart Disease, Diabetes etc.

In Ayurveda, obesity is treated not only for weight loss but also in terms of correcting metabolism, balancing the doshas and eliminating factors leading to obesity. It is also important to detox the body, clean the channels and reduce the stress factor to get rid of excess weight and keep it away.

Diabetes (Prameha): In Ayurveda, diabetes is correlated as Prameha. Ayurveda associates prameha with improper dietary habits and a lack of physical exertion. There are 20 types of prameha.

The management of Prameha includes a holistic approach with herbal medication, panchakarma Detox, diet plans, exclusive Yoga sessions which help for diabetes and tailoring a food and lifestyle plan for long-term benefit. The treatments usually help control the blood sugar level in the initial stages and help to delay or prevent the possible complication of diabetes like diabetic neuropathy, retinopathy.
 

Asthma & Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) : Bronchial asthma is a chronic airway disorder. It is characterized by acute shortness of breath, typically occurring at night or in the early morning hours, cough, wheezing, and a feeling of tightness in the chest. These might also occur after physical exercise.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a poorly reversible disease of the lungs characterized by airflow limitation. Persistent cough, breathing difficulty, wheezing, and chest tightness are common symptoms.

In Ayurveda, Asthma and COPD come under Swasa & Kasa. Ayurveda manages asthma as a Kapha and Pitta dominant disease, and COPD as a vata dominant one. Asthma can be treated with purificatory treatments like vamana(emesis) virechana (purgation), herbal decoctions, rejuvenative medicines, mild yoga and regular pranayama. COPD needs samana or palliative care as well as rejuvenation.
 

Sinusitis: Sinusitis is an inflammation of the nose and the paranasal sinuses characterised by blockage/congestion; discharge, facial pain/pressure etc.
Ayurveda treats sinusitis with detox like nasyam, medicines to keep the channels clean and normalize the vitiated doshas. 

Allergic Rhinitis: Allergic Rhinitis is an inflammation disorder of the nose also known as hay fever. Common symptoms are,  running nose, sneezing, nasal itching & nasal congestion. It is usually triggered by domestic allergens as mites, domestic animals, insects or of plant origin; common outdoor allergens include pollens and mould.

Ayurveda treats this disorder with measures to improve immunity and to reduce the metabolic toxins of the body as well as the hypersensitivity. Treatments like Nasya, dhoomapana and preventive measures like pranayama help control this condition. 

Tonsillitis: Tonsillitis is the inflammation of the tonsils characterized by sore throat, swollen and red tonsils, difficulty swallowing etc. 

Ayurveda believes that the cause of these frequent inflammations is lack of proper immunity and accumulation of metabolic toxic wastes in the body. Elimination of these factors can help in resolving the condition. 
 

Male and female Infertility:  Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse or being unable to carry a fetus to term. A lot of couples experience delays in conceiving without any major health issues and some never procreate. 
The main causes of infertility are stress, hormonal imbalance, lack of quality sperm & ovum etc. The increasing prevalence of medical disorders such as diabetes, hypertension, and hypothyroidism and lifestyle diseases such as obesity and addictions in the young also contribute to infertility.

In Ayurveda, this condition is mentioned as Vandhyatha. Treatment for Infertility can differ based on the cause of infertility. Ayurveda treatments and medication can help correct the hormonal balance, ensure regular ovulation, improve the quality and quantity of sperm (beeja) etc. This includes purificatory treatments like Panchakarma, rasyanaika treatments, special therapies like uthara vasti and oral medicines. Repeated treatments can provide better results in case of infertility. 
 

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) is the diagnosis given to women with abnormal uterine bleeding in whom no clear etiology can be identified. DUB has been observed in both ovulatory and anovulatory cycles and may have a significant impact on their physical, social, emotional and material quality of life.

Ayurveda considers heavy menstrual bleeding as Raktapradara. It is mostly attributed to an unwholesome diet and lifestyle that vitiates the doshas. The treatment protocol includes dosha purifications like virechanam and  vasti, vaginal tampoons (yoni pichu), avagaham etc, along with oral medicines, all of which can help in balancing the doshas and correcting the condition.

LEUCORRHOEA: LEUCORRHOEA includes all abnormal blood-free vaginal discharges with or without foul smell or itching. It can also cause pain in the thighs and calf muscles and burning micturition etc. 

Ayurvedic treatment of leucorrhoea is aiming at balance Kapha, restoring the digestive fire, and to cleanse the accumulated toxins. After this, rejuvenating herbs are prescribed to tone the reproductive system.

Uterine fibroid: By age 50, it is estimated that 70% of women will have one or more uterine fibroids, with around 30% of patients symptomatic and requesting treatment. Uterine fibroids (leiomyomas) are benign tumors of smooth muscle, taking origin in the uterine wall. 
Symptoms of fibroids are abnormal and excessive uterine bleeding, pelvic pain, painful intercourse and infertility.

Ayurvedic management includes Vata-Kapha pacifying therapies, blood purifying medicines, treatments to manage weight and hormonal imbalance and stress management.
 

Erectile dysfunction: Erectile dysfunction affects a considerable proportion of men at least occasionally. Contributing factors could also include stress, overweight, diabetes, smoking, alcoholism etc. 

One branch of ayurveda is Vrishya Chikitsa or treatments to increase virility, which can help in ED. But all erectile dysfunction would have an underlying cause. Searching for the cause and managing it along with the physical, spiritual and mental healing is important in the management of ED.

Premature Ejaculation : Premature ejaculation (PE) is one of the most common male sexual disorders. 

Vrishya Chikitsa, a branch of Ayurveda for the treatments to increase virility, can help in premature ejaculation as well. 
 

Migraine: Migraine is one of the common types of headache disorders that can present with a wide variety of symptoms. Symptoms include recurrent headache attack of 4 to 72 hours, moderate to severe in intensity, aggravated by physical activity, and associated with nausea and light and sound sensitivity. 

Ayurveda considers Migraine to be Vata & Pitta dominant. Therapies like detox, nasya, sirolepa etc can pacify these doshas and improve the condition.